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Quantitative in situ visualization of thermal effects on the formation of gold nanocrystals in solution

Abstract : Understanding temperature effects in nanochemistry requires real-time in situ measurements because this key parameter of wet-chemical synthesis simultaneously influences the kinetics of chemical reactions and the thermodynamic equilibrium of nanomaterials in solution. Here, temperature-controlled liquid cell transmission electron microscopy is exploited to directly image the radiolysis-driven formation of gold nanoparticles between 25 °C and 85 °C and provide a deeper understanding of the atomic-scale processes determining the size and shape of gold colloids. By quantitatively comparing the nucleation and growth rates of colloidal assemblies with classical models for nanocrystal formation, it is shown that the increase of the molecular diffusion and the solubility of gold governs the drastic changes in the formation dynamics of nanostructures in solution with temperature. In contraction with the common view of coarsening processes in solution, it is also demonstrated that the dissolution of nanoparticles and thus the Ostwald ripening is not only driven by size effects. Furthermore, visualizing thermal effects on faceting processes at the single nanoparticle level reveals how the competition between the growth speed and the surface diffusion dictates the final shape of nanocrystals.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03414114
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Submitted on : Thursday, November 4, 2021 - 11:02:33 AM
Last modification on : Friday, August 5, 2022 - 12:01:54 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Saturday, February 5, 2022 - 6:30:51 PM

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Abdelali Khelfa, Jaysen Nelayah, Hakim Amara, Guillaume Wang, Christian Ricolleau, et al.. Quantitative in situ visualization of thermal effects on the formation of gold nanocrystals in solution. Advanced Materials, Wiley-VCH Verlag, 2021, 33 (38), pp.2102514. ⟨10.1002/adma.202102514⟩. ⟨hal-03414114⟩

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