<math display="inline"><mi>M</mi><mi>I</mi><mi>C</mi><mi>R</mi><mi>O</mi><mi>S</mi><mi>C</mi><mi>O</mi><mi>P</mi><mi>E</mi></math> Mission: Final Results of the Test of the Equivalence Principle - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Physical Review Letters Year : 2022

MICROSCOPE Mission: Final Results of the Test of the Equivalence Principle

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Gilles Métris
Quentin Baghi
  • Function : Author
Louis Demange
  • Function : Author
Laura Serron
  • Function : Author

Abstract

The MICROSCOPE mission was designed to test the weak equivalence principle (WEP), stating the equality between the inertial and the gravitational masses, with a precision of 10-15 in terms of the Eötvös ratio η. Its experimental test consisted of comparing the accelerations undergone by two collocated test masses of different compositions as they orbited the Earth, by measuring the electrostatic forces required to keep them in equilibrium. This was done with ultrasensitive differential electrostatic accelerometers onboard a drag-free satellite. The mission lasted two and a half years, cumulating five months worth of science free-fall data, two-thirds with a pair of test masses of different compositions—titanium and platinum alloys—and the last third with a reference pair of test masses of the same composition—platinum. We summarize the data analysis, with an emphasis on the characterization of the systematic uncertainties due to thermal instabilities and on the correction of short-lived events which could mimic a WEP violation signal. We found no violation of the WEP, with the Eötvös parameter of the titanium and platinum pair constrained to η(Ti,Pt)=[-1.5±2.3(stat)±1.5(syst)]×10-15 at 1σ in statistical errors.
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Dates and versions

hal-03781337 , version 1 (21-09-2022)

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Pierre Touboul, Gilles Métris, Manuel Rodrigues, Joel Bergé, Alain Robert, et al.. MICROSCOPE Mission: Final Results of the Test of the Equivalence Principle. Physical Review Letters, 2022, 129 (12), pp.121102. ⟨10.1103/PhysRevLett.129.121102⟩. ⟨hal-03781337⟩
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