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Comparison of ray- and adjoint-based sensitivity kernels for body-wave seismic tomography

Abstract : We compare finite-frequency sensitivity kernels computed from ray-theoretical wavefields ("banana-doughnut" kernels) and from full waveform computations (often called "adjoint" kernels) in order to evaluate resolution, accuracy and computational cost. We focus here on body-wave seismic tomography at regional and local scales. Our results show that: (1) for homogeneous reference media, ray-based and adjoint kernels agree except for the expected differences in the regions close to the source and the receiver, where near-field contributions are neglected in the ray-based kernels; (2) for a smooth 3D background velocity model, the differences in predicted delay times for the two methods are generally well below 10 % of the delay for P waves, though as much as 20 % for S-waves, suggesting that extra care should be taken when performing S-wave tomography with ray-based "banana doughnut" kernels.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00812756
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Submitted on : Monday, October 25, 2021 - 3:32:34 PM
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D. Mercerat, G. Nolet. Comparison of ray- and adjoint-based sensitivity kernels for body-wave seismic tomography. Geophysical Research Letters, American Geophysical Union, 2012, 39, pp.L12301. ⟨10.1029/2012GL052002⟩. ⟨hal-00812756⟩

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