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Journal Articles Journal of Functional Analysis Year : 2022

Reachability results for perturbed heat equations

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Abstract

This work studies the reachable space of infinite dimensional control systems which are null controllable in any positive time, the typical example being the heat equation controlled from the boundary or from an arbitrary open set. The focus is on the robustness of the reachable space with respect to linear or nonlinear perturbations of the generator. More precisely, our first main results asserts that this space is invariant under perturbations which are small (in an appropriate sense). A second main result asserts the invariance of the reachable space with respect to perturbations which are compact (again in an appropriate sense), provided that a Hautus type condition is satisfied. Moreover, our methods give precise information on the behavior of the reachable space when the generator is perturbed by a class of nonlinear operators. When applied to the classical heat equation, our results provide detailed information on the reachable space when the generator is perturbed by a small potential or by a class of non local operators, and in particular in one space dimension, we deduce from our analysis that the reachable space for perturbations of the 1-d heat equation is a space of holomorphic functions. We also show how our approach leads to reachability results for a class of semi-linear parabolic equations.
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Dates and versions

hal-03380745 , version 1 (15-10-2021)
hal-03380745 , version 2 (17-11-2022)

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : hal-03380745 , version 2

Cite

Sylvain Ervedoza, Kévin Le Balc'H, Marius Tucsnak. Reachability results for perturbed heat equations. Journal of Functional Analysis, 2022, 283 (10). ⟨hal-03380745v2⟩
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