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Journal Articles Optics Letters Year : 2021

Transportable mid-infrared laser heterodyne radiometer operating in the shot-noise dominated regime

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1
Fengjiao Shen
Gaoxuan Wang
  • Function : Author
Jingjing Wang
  • Function : Author
Tu Tan
  • Function : Author
Guishi Wang
  • Function : Author
Yao-Veng Te
  • Function : Author
Xiaoming Gao
  • Function : Author
Weidong Chen
  • Function : Author

Abstract

A transportable laser heterodyne radiometer (LHR) based on an external cavity quantum cascade laser, operating in the mid-infrared (mid-IR) around 8 µm, was developed for ground-based remote sensing of multiple greenhouse gases. A newly available novel flexible mid-IR polycrystalline fiber was first exploited to couple solar radiation, real-time captured using a portable sun-tracker, to the LHR receiver. Compared to free space coupling of sunlight, the technique usually used nowadays in the mid-IR, such fiber coupling configuration makes the LHR system readily more stable, simpler, and robust. Operation of the LHR with quasi-shot-noise limited performance was analyzed and experimentally achieved by optimizing local oscillator power. To the best of our knowledge, no such performance approaching the fundamental limit has been reported for a transportable LHR operating at a long mid-IR wavelength around 8 µm. C H 4 and N 2 O were simultaneously measured in the atmospheric column using the developed mid-IR LHR. The experimental LHR spectrum of C H 4 and N 2 O was compared and is in good agreement with a referenced Fourier-transform infrared spectrum from the Total Carbon Column Observing Network observation site and with a simulation spectrum from atmospheric transmission modeling.
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Dates and versions

hal-03954248 , version 1 (24-01-2023)

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Fengjiao Shen, Gaoxuan Wang, Jingjing Wang, Tu Tan, Guishi Wang, et al.. Transportable mid-infrared laser heterodyne radiometer operating in the shot-noise dominated regime. Optics Letters, 2021, 46 (13), pp.3171. ⟨10.1364/OL.426432⟩. ⟨hal-03954248⟩
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