Behavioral Effects of Exposure to Phthalates in Female Rodents: Evidence for Endocrine Disruption? - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles International Journal of Molecular Sciences Year : 2022

Behavioral Effects of Exposure to Phthalates in Female Rodents: Evidence for Endocrine Disruption?

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Nolwenn Adam

Abstract

Phthalates have been widely studied for their reprotoxic effects in male rodents and in particular on testosterone production, for which reference doses were established. The female rodent brain can also represent a target for exposure to these environmental endocrine disruptors. Indeed, a large range of behaviors including reproductive behaviors, mood-related behaviors, and learning and memory are regulated by sex steroid hormones. Here we review the experimental studies addressing the effects and mechanisms of phthalate exposure on these behaviors in female rodents, paying particular attention to the experimental conditions (period of exposure, doses, estrous stage of analyses etc.). The objective of this review is to provide a clear picture of the consistent effects that can occur in female rodents and the gaps that still need to be filled in terms of effects and mode(s) of action for a better risk assessment for human health.

Dates and versions

hal-03942047 , version 1 (16-01-2023)

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Nolwenn Adam, Sakina Mhaouty-Kodja. Behavioral Effects of Exposure to Phthalates in Female Rodents: Evidence for Endocrine Disruption?. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 2022, 23 (5), pp.2559. ⟨10.3390/ijms23052559⟩. ⟨hal-03942047⟩
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