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Journal Articles Cerebral Cortex Year : 2018

Interhemispheric Synchrony of Spontaneous Cortical States at the Cortical Column Level

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Abstract

In cat early visual cortex, neural activity patterns resembling evoked orientation maps emerge spontaneously under anesthesia. To test if such patterns are synchronized between hemispheres, we performed bilateral imaging in anesthetized cats using a new improved voltage-sensitive dye. We observed map-like activity patterns spanning early visual cortex in both hemispheres simultaneously. Patterns virtually identical to maps associated with the cardinal and oblique orientations emerged as leading principal components of the spontaneous fluctuations, and the strength of transient orientation states was correlated with their duration, providing evidence that these maps are transiently attracting states. A neural mass model we developed reproduced the dynamics of both smooth and abrupt orientation state transitions observed experimentally. The model suggests that map-like activity arises from slow modulations in spontaneous firing in conjunction with interplay between excitation and inhibition. Our results highlight the efficiency and functional precision of interhemispheric connectivity.

Dates and versions

hal-03941634 , version 1 (16-01-2023)

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Cite

Kazunori O'Hashi, Tomer Fekete, Thomas Deneux, Rina Hildesheim, Cees van Leeuwen, et al.. Interhemispheric Synchrony of Spontaneous Cortical States at the Cortical Column Level. Cerebral Cortex, 2018, 28 (5), pp.1794-1807. ⟨10.1093/cercor/bhx090⟩. ⟨hal-03941634⟩

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