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Journal Articles Human Brain Mapping Year : 2022

Hemispheric functional segregation facilitates target detection during sustained visuospatial attention

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Abstract

Visuospatial attention is strongly lateralized, with the right hemisphere commonly exhibiting stronger activation and connectivity patterns than the left hemisphere during attentive processes. However, whether such asymmetry influences inter-hemispheric information transfer and behavioral performance is not known. Here we used a region of interest (ROI) and network-based approach to determine steady-state fMRI functional connectivity (FC) in the whole cerebral cortex during a leftward/rightward covert visuospatial attention task. We found that the global FC topology between either ROIs or networks was independent on the attended side. The side of attention significantly modulated FC strength between brain networks, with leftward attention primarily involving the connections of the right visual network with dorsal and ventral attention networks in both the left and right hemisphere. High hemispheric functional segregation significantly correlated with faster target detection response times (i.e., better performance). Our findings suggest that the dominance of the right hemisphere in visuospatial attention is associated with an hemispheric functional segregation that is beneficial for behavioral performance
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Dates and versions

hal-03935232 , version 1 (11-01-2023)

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Mauro Dinuzzo, Daniele Mascali, Giorgia Bussu, Marta Moraschi, Maria Guidi, et al.. Hemispheric functional segregation facilitates target detection during sustained visuospatial attention. Human Brain Mapping, 2022, 43 (15), pp.4529-4539. ⟨10.1002/hbm.25970⟩. ⟨hal-03935232⟩
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