Bio-Activation of HA/β-TCP Porous Scaffolds by High-Pressure CO2 Surface Remodeling: A Novel “Coating-from” Approach - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Materials Year : 2022

Bio-Activation of HA/β-TCP Porous Scaffolds by High-Pressure CO2 Surface Remodeling: A Novel “Coating-from” Approach

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Abstract

Biphasic macroporous Hydroxyapatite/β-Tricalcium Phosphate (HA/β-TCP) scaffolds (BCPs) are widely used for bone repair. However, the high-temperature HA and β-TCP phases exhibit limited bioactivity (low solubility of HA, restricted surface area, low ion release). Strategies were developed to coat such BCPs with biomimetic apatite to enhance bioactivity. However, this can be associated with poor adhesion, and metastable solutions may prove difficult to handle at the industrial scale. Alternative strategies are thus desirable to generate a highly bioactive surface on commercial BCPs. In this work, we developed an innovative “coating from” approach for BCP surface remodeling via hydrothermal treatment under supercritical CO2, used as a reversible pH modifier and with industrial scalability. Based on a set of complementary tools including FEG-SEM, solid state NMR and ion exchange tests, we demonstrate the remodeling of macroporous BCP surface with the occurrence of dissolution–reprecipitation phenomena involving biomimetic CaP phases. The newly precipitated compounds are identified as bone-like nanocrystalline apatite and octacalcium phosphate (OCP), both known for their high bioactivity character, favoring bone healing. We also explored the effects of key process parameters, and showed the possibility to dope the remodeled BCPs with antibacterial Cu2+ ions to convey additional functionality to the scaffolds, which was confirmed by in vitro tests. This new process could enhance the bioactivity of commercial BCP scaffolds via a simple and biocompatible approach.

Dates and versions

hal-03930074 , version 1 (09-01-2023)

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Cite

Clémentine Aubry, Christophe Drouet, Thierry Azaïs, Hyoung-Jun Kim, Jae-Min Oh, et al.. Bio-Activation of HA/β-TCP Porous Scaffolds by High-Pressure CO2 Surface Remodeling: A Novel “Coating-from” Approach. Materials, 2022, 15 (20), pp.7306. ⟨10.3390/MA15207306⟩. ⟨hal-03930074⟩
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