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Thick trace at infinity for the Hyperbolic Radial Spanning Tree

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Abstract

Since the works of Howard & Newman (2001), it is known that in straight radial rooted trees, with probability 1, infinite paths all have an asymptotic direction and each asymptotic direction is reached by (at least) an infinite path. Moreover, there exists a set of 'exceptionnal' directions reached by (at least) two infinite paths which is random, dense and only countable in dimension 2. Howard & Newman's method says nothing about (random) directions reached by more than two infinite paths and, in particular, if such 'very exceptionnal' directions exist in dimension 2. In this paper, we prove that the answer is no for the hyperbolic Radial Spanning Tree (RST): in dimension 2, this tree does not contain 3 infinite paths with the same (random) asymptotic direction with probability one. Turned in another way, this means that there is no infinite but thin subtree in the hyperbolic RST, i.e. whose infinite paths would all have the same asymptotic direction. We actually prove a stronger result in dimension d + 1, d ≥ 1, stating that any infinite subtree of the hyperbolic RST a.s. generates a thick trace at infinity, i.e. the set of asymptotic directions reached by its infinite paths has a positive measure.
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Dates and versions

hal-03928226 , version 1 (06-01-2023)

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : hal-03928226 , version 1

Cite

David Coupier, Lucas Flammant, Viet Chi Tran. Thick trace at infinity for the Hyperbolic Radial Spanning Tree. 2023. ⟨hal-03928226⟩
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