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Journal Articles Geophysical Research Letters Year : 2022

Mechanisms Driving the Dispersal of Hydrothermal Iron From the Northern Mid Atlantic Ridge

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Abstract

The dispersal of dissolved iron (DFe) from hydrothermal vents is poorly constrained. Combining field observations and a modeling hierarchy, we find the dispersal of DFe from the Trans-Atlantic-Geotraverse vent site occurs predominantly in the colloidal phase and is controlled by multiple physical processes. Enhanced mixing near the seafloor and transport through fracture zones at fine-scales interacts with the wider ocean circulation to drive predominant westward DFe dispersal away from the Mid-Atlantic ridge at the 100 km scale. In contrast, diapycnal mixing predominantly drives northward DFe transport within the ridge axial valley. The observed DFe dispersal is not reproduced by the coarse resolution ocean models typically used to assess ocean iron cycling due to their omission of local topography and mixing. Unless biogeochemical models account for fine-scale physics and colloidal Fe, they will inaccurately represent DFe dispersal from axial valley ridge systems, which make up half of the global ocean ridge crest.
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Dates and versions

hal-03926090 , version 1 (06-01-2023)

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Alessandro Tagliabue, Alastair Lough, Clément Vic, Vassil Roussenov, Jonathan Gula, et al.. Mechanisms Driving the Dispersal of Hydrothermal Iron From the Northern Mid Atlantic Ridge. Geophysical Research Letters, 2022, 49 (22), pp.e2022GL100615. ⟨10.1029/2022GL100615⟩. ⟨hal-03926090⟩
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