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Journal Articles European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery Year : 2022

External ventricular drainage for intracranial hypertension after traumatic brain injury: is it really useful?

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Abstract

Purposes: External ventricular drainage (EVD) is frequently used to control raised intracranial pressure after traumatic brain injury. However, the available evidence about its effectiveness in this context is limited. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of EVD to control intracranial pressure and to identify the clinical and radiological factors associated with its success. Methods: For this retrospective cohort study conducted in a Level 1 traumacenter in Paris area between May 2011 and March 2019, all patients with intracranial hypertension and treated with EVD were included. EVD success was defined as an efficient and continuous control of intracranial hypertension avoiding the use of third tier therapies (therapeutic hypothermia, decompressive craniectomy, and barbiturate coma) or avoiding a decision to withdraw life sustaining treatment due to both refractory intracranial hypertension and severity of brain injury lesions. Results: 83 patients with EVD were included. EVD was successful in 33 patients (40%). Thirty-two patients (39%) required a decompressive craniectomy, eight patients (9%) received barbiturate coma. In ten cases (12%) refractory intracranial hypertension prompted a protocolized withdrawal of care. Complications occurred in nine patients (11%) (three cases of ventriculitis, six cases of catheter occlusion). Multivariate analysis identified no independent factors associated with EVD success. Conclusion: In a protocol-based management for traumatic brain injury, EVD allowed intracranial pressure control and avoided third tier therapeutic measures in 40% of cases with a favorable risk-benefit ratio
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Dates and versions

hal-03905434 , version 1 (18-12-2022)

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Jean-Denis Moyer, Saida Elouahmani, Anais Codorniu, Paer-Selim Abback, Caroline Jeantrelle, et al.. External ventricular drainage for intracranial hypertension after traumatic brain injury: is it really useful?. European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery, In press, ⟨10.1007/s00068-022-01903-4⟩. ⟨hal-03905434⟩

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