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Journal Articles Microorganisms Year : 2022

A Review on Biotechnological Approaches Applied for Marine Hydrocarbon Spills Remediation

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Farzad Rahmati
Behnam Asgari Lajayer
Najmeh Shadfar
  • Function : Author

Abstract

The increasing demand for petroleum products generates needs for innovative and reliable methods for cleaning up crude oil spills. Annually, several oil spills occur around the world, which brings numerous ecological and environmental disasters on the surface of deep seawaters like oceans. Biological and physico-chemical remediation technologies can be efficient in terms of spill cleanup and microorganisms—mainly bacteria—are the main ones responsible for petroleum hydrocarbons (PHCs) degradation such as crude oil. Currently, biodegradation is considered as one of the most sustainable and efficient techniques for the removal of PHCs. However, environmental factors associated with the functioning and performance of microorganisms involved in hydrocarbon-degradation have remained relatively unclear. This has limited our understanding on how to select and inoculate microorganisms within technologies of cleaning and to optimize physico-chemical remediation and degradation methods. This review article presents the latest discoveries in bioremediation techniques such as biostimulation, bioaugmentation, and biosurfactants as well as immobilization strategies for increasing the efficiency. Besides, environmental affecting factors and microbial strains engaged in bioremediation and biodegradation of PHCs in marines are discussed.
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hal-03903222 , version 1 (18-12-2022)

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Attribution - CC BY 4.0

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Farzad Rahmati, Behnam Asgari Lajayer, Najmeh Shadfar, Peter van Bodegom, Eric van Hullebusch. A Review on Biotechnological Approaches Applied for Marine Hydrocarbon Spills Remediation. Microorganisms, 2022, 10 (7), pp.1289. ⟨10.3390/microorganisms10071289⟩. ⟨hal-03903222⟩
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