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Homogeneous nucleation of dislocations as a pattern formation phenomenon

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Abstract

Dislocation nucleation in homogeneous crystals initially unfolds as a linear symmetry-breaking elastic instability. In the absence of explicit nucleation centers, such instability develops simultaneously all over the crystal and due to the dominance of long range elastic interactions it advances into the nonlinear stage as a collective phenomenon through pattern formation. In this paper we use a novel mesoscopic tensorial model (MTM) of crystal plasticity to study the delicate role of crystallographic symmetry in the development of the dislocation nucleation patterns in defect free crystals loaded in a hard device. The model is formulated in 2D and we systematically compare lattices with square and triangular symmetry. To avoid the prevalence of the conventional plastic mechanisms, we consider the loading paths represented by pure shears applied on the boundary of the otherwise unloaded body. These loading protocols can be qualified as exploiting the 'softest' and the 'hardest' directions and we show that the associated dislocation patterns are strikingly different.
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Dates and versions

hal-03874286 , version 1 (27-11-2022)

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : hal-03874286 , version 1

Cite

Roberta Baggio, Oguz Umut Salman, L. Truskinovsky. Homogeneous nucleation of dislocations as a pattern formation phenomenon. 2022. ⟨hal-03874286⟩
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