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Synergistic stabilization of microtubules by BUB-1, HCP-1 and CLS-2 controls meiotic spindle assembly in C. elegans oocytes

Abstract : ABSTRACT During cell division, chromosome segregation is orchestrated by a microtubule-based spindle. Interaction between spindle microtubules and kinetochores is central to the bi-orientation of chromosomes. Initially dynamic to allow spindle assembly and kinetochore attachments, which is essential for chromosome alignment, microtubules are eventually stabilized for efficient segregation of sister chromatids and homologous chromosomes during mitosis and meiosis I respectively. Therefore, the precise control of microtubule dynamics is of utmost importance during mitosis and meiosis. Here, we study the assembly and role of a kinetochore module, comprised of the kinase BUB-1, the two redundant CENP-F orthologs HCP-1/2, and the CLASP family member CLS-2 (hereafter termed the BHC module), in the control of microtubule dynamics in Caenorhabditis elegans oocytes. Using a combination of in vivo structure-function analyses of BHC components and in vitro microtubule-based assays, we show that BHC components stabilize microtubules, which is essential for meiotic spindle formation and accurate chromosome segregation. Overall, our results show that BUB-1 and HCP-1/2 do not only act as targeting components for CLS-2 at kinetochores, but also synergistically control kinetochore-microtubule dynamics by promoting microtubule pause. Together, our results suggest that BUB-1 and HCP-1/2 actively participate in the control of kinetochore-microtubule dynamics in the context of the BHC module to promote accurate chromosome segregation in meiosis.
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Preprints, Working Papers, ...
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https://hal-cnrs.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03864961
Contributor : Julien DUMONT Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Tuesday, November 22, 2022 - 9:49:44 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, November 24, 2022 - 3:38:08 AM

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Nicolas Macaisne, Laura Bellutti, Kimberley Laband, Frances Edwards, Laras Pitayu-Nugroho, et al.. Synergistic stabilization of microtubules by BUB-1, HCP-1 and CLS-2 controls meiotic spindle assembly in C. elegans oocytes. 2022. ⟨hal-03864961⟩

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