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Separase Control and Cohesin Cleavage in Oocytes: Should I Stay or Should I Go?

Abstract : The key to gametogenesis is the proper execution of a specialized form of cell division named meiosis. Prior to the meiotic divisions, the recombination of maternal and paternal chromosomes creates new genetic combinations necessary for fitness and adaptation to an ever-changing environment. Two rounds of chromosome segregation -meiosis I and II- have to take place without intermediate S-phase and lead to the creation of haploid gametes harboring only half of the genetic material. Importantly, the segregation patterns of the two divisions are fundamentally different and require adaptation of the mitotic cell cycle machinery to the specificities of meiosis. Separase, the enzyme that cleaves Rec8, a subunit of the cohesin complex constituting the physical connection between sister chromatids, has to be activated twice: once in meiosis I and immediately afterwards, in meiosis II. Rec8 is cleaved on chromosome arms in meiosis I and in the centromere region in meiosis II. This step-wise cohesin removal is essential to generate gametes of the correct ploidy and thus, embryo viability. Hence, separase control and Rec8 cleavage must be perfectly controlled in time and space. Focusing on mammalian oocytes, this review lays out what we know and what we still ignore about this fascinating mechanism.
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https://hal-cnrs.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03857894
Contributor : Katja Wassmann Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Thursday, November 17, 2022 - 3:02:57 PM
Last modification on : Friday, November 18, 2022 - 3:53:29 AM

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Katja Wassmann. Separase Control and Cohesin Cleavage in Oocytes: Should I Stay or Should I Go?. Cells, 2022, 11 (21), pp.3399. ⟨10.3390/cells11213399⟩. ⟨hal-03857894⟩

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