New interface

# Planar Josephson Junctions Templated by Nanowire Shadowing

Abstract : More and more materials, with a growing variety of properties, are built into electronic devices. This is motivated both by increased device performance and by the studies of materials themselves. An important type of device is a Josephson junction based on the proximity effect between a quantum material and a superconductor, useful for fundamental research as well as for quantum and other technologies. When both junction contacts are placed on the same surface, such as a two-dimensional material, the junction is called planar". One outstanding challenge is that not all materials are amenable to the standard planar junction fabrication. The device quality, rather than the intrinsic characteristics, may be defining the results. Here, we introduce a technique in which nanowires are placed on the surface and act as a shadow mask for the superconductor. The advantages are that the smallest dimension is determined by the nanowire diameter and does not require lithography, and that the junction is not exposed to chemicals such as etchants. We demonstrate this method with an InAs quantum well, using two superconductors - Al and Sn, and two semiconductor nanowires - InAs and InSb. The junctions exhibit critical current levels consistent with transparent interfaces and uniform width. We show that the template nanowire can be operated as a self-aligned electrostatic gate. Beyond single junctions, we create SQUIDs with two gate-tunable junctions. We suggest that our method can be used for a large variety of quantum materials including van der Waals layers, topological insulators, Weyl semimetals and future materials for which proximity effect devices is a promising research avenue.
Document type :
Preprints, Working Papers, ...

https://hal-cnrs.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03857772
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Submitted on : Thursday, November 17, 2022 - 2:27:18 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, November 29, 2022 - 12:02:06 PM

### Identifiers

• HAL Id : hal-03857772, version 1
• ARXIV : 2211.04130

### Citation

P. Zhang, A. Zarassi, M. Pendharkar, J. S. Lee, L. Jarjat, et al.. Planar Josephson Junctions Templated by Nanowire Shadowing. 2022. ⟨hal-03857772⟩

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