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Age-related differences in visual confidence are driven by individual differences in cognitive control capacities

Abstract : Abstract Visual perception is not only shaped by sensitivity but also by confidence, i.e., the ability to estimate the accuracy of a visual decision. Younger observers have been reported to have access to a reliable measure of their own uncertainty when making visual decisions. This metacognitive ability might be challenged during ageing due to increasing sensory noise and decreasing cognitive control resources. We investigated age effects on visual confidence using a visual contrast discrimination task and a confidence forced-choice paradigm. Younger adults (19–38 years) showed significantly lower discrimination thresholds than older adults (60–78 years). To focus on confidence sensitivity above and beyond differences in discrimination performance, we estimated confidence efficiency that reflects the ability to distinguish good from bad perceptual decisions. Confidence efficiency was estimated by comparing thresholds obtained from all trials and trials that were judged with relatively higher confidence, respectively. In both age groups, high confidence judgments were associated with better visual performance, but confidence efficiency was reduced in older adults. However, we observed substantial variability across all participants. Controlling for age group, confidence effciency was closely linked to individual differences in cognitive control capacities. Our findings provide evidence for age-related differences in confidence efficiency that present a specific challenge to perceptual performance in old age. We propose that these differences are driven by cognitive control capacities, supporting their crucial role for metacognitive efficiency.
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https://hal-cnrs.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03854075
Contributor : Pascal Mamassian Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Tuesday, November 15, 2022 - 3:57:11 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, November 16, 2022 - 3:51:00 AM

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Lena Klever, Pascal Mamassian, Jutta Billino. Age-related differences in visual confidence are driven by individual differences in cognitive control capacities. Scientific Reports, 2022, 12 (1:6016), pp.1-13. ⟨10.1038/s41598-022-09939-7⟩. ⟨hal-03854075⟩

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