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Biotechnological production of sialylated solid lipid microparticles as inhibitors of influenza A virus infection

Abstract : Abstract Influenza viruses bind to their target through a multivalent interaction of their hemagglutinins (HAs) with sialosides at the host cell surface. To fight the virus, one therapeutic approach consists in developing sialylated multivalent structures that can saturate the virus HAs and prevent the binding to host cells. We describe herein the biotechnological production of sialylated solid lipid microparticles (SSLMs) in 3 steps: (i) a microbiological step leading to the large-scale production of sialylated maltodextrins by metabolic engineering of an Escherichia coli strain, (ii) a new in vitro glycosylation process using the amylomaltase MalQ, based on the transglycosylation of the terminal sialoside ligand of the sialylated maltodextrin onto a long-chain alkyl glucoside, and (iii) the formulation of the final SSLMs presenting a multivalent sialic acid. We also describe the morphology and structure of the SSLMs and demonstrate their very promising properties as influenza virus inhibitors using hemagglutination inhibition and microneutralization assays on the human A/H1N1 pdm09 virus.
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https://hal-cnrs.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03851647
Contributor : Jean-Luc PUTAUX Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Monday, November 14, 2022 - 3:32:29 PM
Last modification on : Friday, November 25, 2022 - 3:11:03 AM

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Emeline Richard, Aurélien Traversier, Thomas Julien, Manuel Rosa-Calatrava, Jean-Luc Putaux, et al.. Biotechnological production of sialylated solid lipid microparticles as inhibitors of influenza A virus infection. Glycobiology, 2022, ⟨10.1093/glycob/cwac054⟩. ⟨hal-03851647⟩

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