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Mortuary practices and bioanthropological data in the Oman Peninsula from the Neolithic to the Early Bronze Age (6th-3rd mill. BC)

Abstract : In the Oman Peninsula, the transition from the Neolithic (c. 6th-4th mill. BCE) to the Early Bronze Age (c. 3200-2000 BCE) is characterised by profound socio-economic changes that were accompanied by significant transformations, especially in the occupation of territories, social organisation and mortuary practises. Thus, around 3200 BCE, societies began to develop an agro-pastoral socio-economic system, which reached its peak around 2500 BC, and the exploitation of copper, based on an intensive network of exchanges at different scales. Changes in mortuary practises are characterised by the transition from individual burials in pits - the majority in the Neolithic - to collective stone built tombs, which became increasingly monumental during the Early Bronze Age. Society becomes more complex, with increasing specialisation in crafts, building techniques or subsistence activities. At the same time, changes in diet are discernible through several biological indicators, and appear to be accompanied by population growth. In this lecture we will highlight the contributions of funerary archaeology and biological anthropology to our knowledge of the ancient societies of the region through some examples of emblematic sites. We will talk about the limits imposed by the collections, which are often poorly preserved due to the arid climate, the burial process and the commingled nature of human remains for Bronze Age tombs, and possible ways to overcome these obstacles.
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Contributor : Olivia Munoz Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Saturday, November 12, 2022 - 10:11:43 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, November 23, 2022 - 3:15:33 AM


Distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution - NonCommercial - NoDerivatives 4.0 International License


  • HAL Id : hal-03850150, version 1


Olivia Munoz. Mortuary practices and bioanthropological data in the Oman Peninsula from the Neolithic to the Early Bronze Age (6th-3rd mill. BC). International Association for Archaeological Research in Western and Central Asia (ARWA) Online Academy, Bioarchaeology Session, Oct 2022, Online, France. ⟨hal-03850150⟩



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