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Perceptions of Human-Animal Relationships and their Impacts on Animal Ethics, Law and Research

Résumé : Non-human animals live in ecosystems that are increasingly impacted by the growing human population, and have now developed relationships that mostly or partly depend on human societies. Although some of these relationships are positive and enable non-human animals to enjoy anthropized environments, most relationships with humans are negative and prove to be disastrous for non-human animals. Individuals are suffering and biodiversity is being lost at an unprecedented rate. However, human behavior varies, and people from non-industrialized societies behave differently from those living in WEIRD societies (Henrich et al., 2010). This includes their attitude toward animals, as shown in different approaches such as totemism or animism (Descola, 2019). Human perceptions of animal species in terms of their presence and function, and the potential co-use or sharing of their personal environment, depend on multiple sociocultural and biological factors. Humans usually make discriminations between animal species based on these perceptions. Donaldson and Kymlicka (2011) recently classified non-human animals into three categories according to their proximity with human beings, the role they fulfill and their distribution range, namely Wild, Domesticated and Liminal. Wild animals form their own communities and benefit from rights of sovereignty; domesticated animals are fully involved in human societies and may benefit from citizenship. Indeed, domesticated species have developed quite remarkable sociocognitive skills over the thousands of years they have coexisted with humans (Bhattacharjee et al.). Finally, liminal species are wild but live in the midst of human settlements and may benefit from resident status.
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https://hal-cnrs.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03846990
Contributor : Jean-Yves Georges Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Thursday, November 10, 2022 - 1:54:06 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, November 17, 2022 - 3:43:28 AM

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Cédric Sueur, Marie Pelé, Tetsuro Matsuzawa, Jean-Yves Georges. Perceptions of Human-Animal Relationships and their Impacts on Animal Ethics, Law and Research. Frontiers eBook, eds. 2021. ISSN 1664-8714, ISBN 978-2-88971-483-4, 2021, ⟨10.3389/978-2-88966-470-2⟩. ⟨hal-03846990⟩

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