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A peptide-mediated, multilateral molecular dialogue for the coordination of pollen wall formation

Abstract : The surface of pollen grains is reinforced by pollen wall components produced non-cell autonomously by tapetum cells that surround developing pollen within the male floral organ, the anther. Here we show that tapetum activity is regulated by the GASSHO (GSO) receptor-like kinase pathway, controlled by two sulfated peptides, CASPARIAN STRIP INTEGRITY FACTOR 3 (CIF3) and CIF4, the precursors of which are expressed in the tapetum itself. Coordination of tapetum activity with pollen grain development depends on the action of subtilases, including AtSBT5.4, which are produced stage-specifically by developing pollen grains. Tapetum-derived CIF precursors are processed by subtilases, triggering GSOdependent tapetum activation. We show that the GSO receptors act from the middle layer, a tissue surrounding the tapetum and developing pollen. Three concentrically organized cell types therefore cooperate to coordinate pollen wall deposition through a multilateral molecular dialog. 2 Significance Statement Pollen viability depends on a tough external barrier called the pollen wall. Pollen wall components are produced by tapetum cells which surround developing pollen grains within the anther. Precise coordination of tapetum activity with pollen grain development is required to ensure effective pollen wall formation. Here we reveal that this is achieved through a multidirectional dialogue involving three distinct cell types. We show that peptide precursors from the tapetum are activated by proteases produced stage-specifically in developing pollen grains. Unexpectedly, we found that activated peptides are perceived not in the tapetum, but in the middle layer, which encloses the developing tapetum and pollen grains, revealing an unsuspected role for this enigmatic cell layer in the control of tapetum development.
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Submitted on : Monday, November 7, 2022 - 10:23:07 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, November 16, 2022 - 10:44:53 AM


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Jekaterina Truskina, Stefanie Brück, Annick Stintzi, Sophy Boeuf, Nicolas Doll, et al.. A peptide-mediated, multilateral molecular dialogue for the coordination of pollen wall formation. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 2022, 119 (22), pp.e2201446119. ⟨10.1073/pnas.2201446119⟩. ⟨hal-03841444⟩



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