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Abnormal Expression of Synaptic and Extrasynaptic GABAA Receptor Subunits in the Dystrophin-Deficient mdx Mouse

Abstract : Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder primarily caused by the loss of the full-length Dp427 dystrophin in both muscle and brain. The basis of the central comorbidities in DMD is unclear. Brain dystrophin plays a role in the clustering of central gamma-aminobutyric acid A receptors (GABAARs), and its loss in the mdx mouse alters the clustering of some synaptic subunits in central inhibitory synapses. However, the diversity of GABAergic alterations in this model is still fragmentary. In this study, the analysis of in vivo PET imaging of a benzodiazepine-binding site radioligand revealed that the global density of central GABAARs is unaffected in mdx compared with WT mice. In contrast, semi-quantitative immunoblots and immunofluorescence confocal imaging in tissue sections revealed complex and differential patterns of alterations of the expression levels and/or clustered distribution of a variety of synaptic and extrasynaptic GABAAR subunits in the hippocampus, cerebellum, cortex, and spinal cord. Hence, dystrophin loss not only affects the stabilization of synaptic GABAARs but also influences the subunit composition of GABAARs subtypes at both synaptic and extrasynaptic sites. This study provides new molecular outcome measures and new routes to evaluate the impact of treatments aimed at compensating alterations of the nervous system in DMD.
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https://hal-cnrs.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03839801
Contributor : Cyrille Vaillend Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Friday, November 4, 2022 - 3:40:43 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, November 23, 2022 - 8:00:06 AM

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Faouzi Zarrouki, Sébastien Goutal, Ophélie Vacca, Luis Garcia, Nicolas Tournier, et al.. Abnormal Expression of Synaptic and Extrasynaptic GABAA Receptor Subunits in the Dystrophin-Deficient mdx Mouse. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 2022, 23 (20), pp.12617. ⟨10.3390/ijms232012617⟩. ⟨hal-03839801⟩

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