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A Fokker-Planck-based Monte Carlo method for electronic transport and avalanche simulation in single-photon avalanche diodes

Abstract : We present an efficient simulation method for electronic transport and avalanche in single-photon avalanche diodes (SPAD). Carrier transport is simulated in the real space using a particle Monte Carlo approach based on the Fokker-Planck point of view on an advection-diffusion equation, that enables us to reproduce mobility models, including electric fields and doping dependencies. The avalanche process is computed thanks to impact ionization rates implemented using a modified Random Path Length algorithm. Both transport and impact ionization mechanisms are computed concurrently from a statistical point of view, which allows us to achieve a full multi-particle simulation. This method provides accurate simulation of transport and avalanche process suitable for realistic three-dimensional SPADs, including all relevant stochastic aspects of these devices, together with a huge reduction of the computational time required, compared to standard Monte Carlo methods for charge carrier transport. The efficiency of our method empowers the possibility to precisely evaluate SPADs figures of merit and to explore new features that were untrackable by conventional methods. An extensive series of comparisons with experimental data on state-of-the art SPADs shows a very good accuracy of the proposed approach.
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https://hal-cnrs.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03828806
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Submitted on : Tuesday, October 25, 2022 - 2:16:31 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, November 1, 2022 - 3:54:19 AM

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Remi Helleboid, Denis Rideau, Isobel Nicholson, Jeremy Grebot, Bastien Mamdy, et al.. A Fokker-Planck-based Monte Carlo method for electronic transport and avalanche simulation in single-photon avalanche diodes. Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, In press, ⟨10.1088/1361-6463/ac9b6a⟩. ⟨hal-03828806⟩

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