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Larval density in the invasive Drosophila suzukii : immediate and delayed effects on life-history traits

Abstract : Abstract The immediate and delayed effects of density are key in determining population dynamics, since they can positively or negatively affect the fitness of individuals. These effects have great relevance for polyphagous insects for which immature stages develop within a single site of finite feeding resources. Drosophila suzukii is a crop pest that induces severe economic losses for agricultural production, however little is known about the effects of density on its life-history traits. In the present study, we (i) investigated the egg distribution resulting from females’ egg-laying strategy and (ii) tested the immediate and delayed effects of larval density on emergence rate, development time, sex ratio of offspring, fecundity and adult size (a range of 1 to 50 larvae was used). We showed that most of fruits contain several eggs and aggregate of eggs of high density can be found in some fruits. This high density has no immediate effects on the emergence rate, but has effect on larval developmental time. This trait was involved in a trade-off with adult life-history traits: the larval development was reduced as larval density increased, but smaller and less fertile adults were produced. Our results should help to better understand the population dynamics of this species and to develop more successful control programs.
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Contributor : Patricia GIBERT Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Thursday, October 20, 2022 - 3:58:41 PM
Last modification on : Friday, October 21, 2022 - 3:50:24 AM

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Alicia Reyes-Ramírez, Zaïnab Belgaidi, Patricia Gibert, Thomas Pommier, Aurélie Siberchicot, et al.. Larval density in the invasive Drosophila suzukii : immediate and delayed effects on life-history traits. 2022. ⟨hal-03822912⟩



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