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Repair of DNA double-strand breaks in plant meiosis: role of eukaryotic RecA recombinases and their modulators

Abstract : Homologous recombination during meiosis is crucial for the DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) repair that promotes the balanced segregation of homologous chromosomes and enhances genetic variation. In most eukaryotes, two recombinases RAD51 and DMC1 form nucleoprotein filaments on single-stranded DNA generated at DSB sites and play a central role in the meiotic DSB repair and genome stability. These nucleoprotein filaments perform homology search and DNA strand exchange to initiate repair using homologous template-directed sequences located elsewhere in the genome. Multiple factors can regulate the assembly, stability, and disassembly of RAD51 and DMC1 nucleoprotein filaments. In this review, we summarize the current understanding of the meiotic functions of RAD51 and DMC1 and the role of their positive and negative modulators. We discuss the current models and regulators of homology searches and strand exchange conserved during plant meiosis. Manipulation of these repair factors during plant meiosis also holds a great potential to accelerate plant breeding for crop improvements and productivity.
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https://hal-cnrs.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03814802
Contributor : christine mezard Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Friday, October 14, 2022 - 11:00:08 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, October 18, 2022 - 4:08:15 AM

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Côme Emmenecker, Christine Mézard, Rajeev Kumar. Repair of DNA double-strand breaks in plant meiosis: role of eukaryotic RecA recombinases and their modulators. Sexual Plant Reproduction, 2022, ⟨10.1007/s00497-022-00443-6⟩. ⟨hal-03814802⟩

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