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Higher susceptibility to central crowding in glaucoma

Abstract : Clinical relevance: Crowding limits many daily life activities, such as reading and the visual search for objects in cluttered environments. Excessive sensitivity to crowding, especially in central vision, may amplify the difficulties of patients with ocular pathologies. It is thus important to investigate what limits visual activities and how to improve it. Background: Numerous studies have reported reduced contrast sensitivity in central vision in patients with glaucoma. However, deficits have also been observed for letter recognition at high contrast, suggesting that contrast alone cannot completely account for impaired central perception. Method: Seventeen patients and fifteen age-matched controls were randomly presented with letters in central or parafoveal vision at 5° eccentricity for 200 ms. They were asked to decide whether the central T was upright or inverted. The T was either presented in isolation (uncrowded) or flanked by two Hs (crowded) at various spacings. Contrast was manipulated: 60% and 5%. Results: Compared to controls, patients exhibited a significant effect of crowding in central vision, with higher accuracy for the isolated T than for HTH only at low contrast. In parafoveal vision, an effect of crowding was also observed only in patients. The spacing to escape crowding varied as a function of contrast. Larger spacing was required at low contrast than at high contrast. Susceptibility to crowding was related to central visual field defect for central presentations and to contrast sensitivity for parafoveal presentations, only at low contrast. Controls were at ceiling level both for central and parafoveal presentations. Conclusion: Crowding limits visual perception, impeding reading and object recognition in cluttered environments. Visual field defects and lower contrast sensitivity in glaucoma can increase susceptibility to central and parafoveal crowding, the deleterious effect of which can be improved by manipulating contrast and spacing between elements.
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https://hal-cnrs.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03814586
Contributor : muriel boucart Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Friday, October 14, 2022 - 9:31:07 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, November 22, 2022 - 2:26:16 PM

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Edouard Blanckaert, Jean François Rouland, Theophile Davost, Aude Warniez, Muriel Boucart. Higher susceptibility to central crowding in glaucoma. Clinical and Experimental Optometry, In press, ⟨10.1080/08164622.2022.2124848⟩. ⟨hal-03814586⟩

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