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Abstract 2223: Understanding the pro- and anti-tumorigenic microenvironments in syngeneic mice

Abstract : Despite the advances in early diagnostics and therapeutics, women with metastatic breast cancer have limited treatment options. Women with TNBC, who constitute 15-20% of breast cancer patients, are often diagnosed with aggressive/metastatic disease. Advanced studies implicated immunosuppressive tumor microenvironment (TME) in aggressive/metastatic properties of TNBC subtype. Alternatively activated immature myeloid cells including tumor-associated macrophages (TAM), tumor-associated neutrophils (TAN), tumor-associated dendritic cells (TADC) and myeloid derived suppressor cells (MDSC) constitute a major component of TME. However, anti-tumorigenic microenvironment is also reported and that may have clinical relevance in early TNBC patients. Therefore, our hypothesis is that myeloid cells polarize to become immunosuppressive and infiltrate tumors and pre-metastatic niches in patients with advanced disease, while patients with early TNBCs may elicit anti-tumor immune response eliminating disseminated tumor cells (DTC). The utilization of syngeneic immunocompetent mouse models has contributed to our current understanding of immunosuppressive or immunomodulatory TME. Using these models, we have demonstrated that tumor dissemination and growth at metastatic sites is facilitated by MDSC’s. Emerging technologies; single cell RNA sequencing (scRNAseq), mass cytometry (CyTOF) or cellular indexing of transcriptomes and epitopes sequencing (CITE-Seq) has been powerful platforms for detailed characterization of tumors and TME compartments. Our bulk gene expression data of the myeloid cell populations of tumor microenvironment, lung, spleen and BM from 4T1 tumor-bearing mice showed distinct MDSC gene signatures. When applied to publicly available scRNAseq data, lung gMDSCs from 4T1 metastatic tumor model appeared to show different trajectory of polarization than the tumor gMDSCs. Consistent with previous findings by Hedrick Lab, lung gMDSCs from 4T1 mice also express higher levels of NeP markers compared to BM and tumor gMDSCs as well as lung gMDSCs from EMT6 mice. However, analyses of immune cells from EMT6 tumor bearing mice exhibited an anti-tumor immune signature which is consistent with the clearance of the DTCs following complete resection of the primary tumors. Using the murine TNBC models in syngeneic mice, we provide evidence that early TNBC tumors may elicit anti-tumor immune responses and thus the survival outcome in those patients is substantially increased after complete surgical resection of the primary tumors. Whereas immunosuppressive tumor microenvironment contributes to the poor overall survival in patients with advanced TNBCs. Therefore, identifying an anti-tumor immune signature in early TNBC patients may be utilized as a clinical biomarker before surgical intervention as well as improve the survival outcome. Citation Format: Fulya Alkan, Raziye Piranlioglu, Eunmi Lee, Maria Ouzounova, Catherine C Hedrick, Huidong Shi, Hasan Korkaya. Understanding the pro- and anti-tumorigenic microenvironments in syngeneic mice [abstract]. In: Proceedings of the American Association for Cancer Research Annual Meeting 2022; 2022 Apr 8-13. Philadelphia (PA): AACR; Cancer Res 2022;82(12_Suppl):Abstract nr 2223.
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https://hal-cnrs.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03800061
Contributor : Maria Ouzounova Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Thursday, October 6, 2022 - 11:12:50 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, October 25, 2022 - 1:44:10 PM

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Fulya Alkan, Raziye Piranlioglu, Eunmi Lee, Maria Ouzounova, Catherine Hedrick, et al.. Abstract 2223: Understanding the pro- and anti-tumorigenic microenvironments in syngeneic mice. American Association for Cancer Research Annual Meeting 2022, American Association for Cancer Research, Apr 2022, Philadelphia, United States. pp.2223-2223, ⟨10.1158/1538-7445.AM2022-2223⟩. ⟨hal-03800061⟩

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