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Quantum dynamics with curvilinear coordinates: models and kinetic energy operator

Abstract : In order to simplify the numerical solution of the time-dependent or time-independent Schrödinger equations associated with atomic and molecular motions, the use of well-adapted coordinates is essential. Usually, this set of curvilinear coordinates leads to a Hamiltonian operator that is as separable as possible. Although their corresponding kinetic energy operator (KEO) expressions can be derived analytically for small systems or special kinds of coordinates, a numerical and exact approach allows one to compute them in terms of sophisticated curvilinear coordinates. Furthermore, the numerical approach enables one to easily define reduced-dimensionality or constrained models. We present here a recent implementation of this numerical approach that allows nested coordinate transformations, therefore leading to great flexibility in the definition of the curvilinear coordinates. Furthermore, this implementation has no limitations in terms of numbers of atoms or coordinate transformations. The quantum dynamics of the cis–trans photoisomerization of part of the retinal chromophore illustrates the construction of the coordinates and KEO part of a three-dimensional model. This article is part of the theme issue ‘Chemistry without the Born–Oppenheimer approximation’.
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Contributor : David Lauvergnat Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Wednesday, October 5, 2022 - 8:51:42 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, November 29, 2022 - 4:02:30 AM



Emanuele Marsili, Federica Agostini, André Nauts, David Lauvergnat. Quantum dynamics with curvilinear coordinates: models and kinetic energy operator. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, 2022, 380 (2223), ⟨10.1098/rsta.2020.0388⟩. ⟨hal-03799423⟩



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