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Journal Articles Journal of Geophysical Research : Solid Earth Year : 2022

Influence of Fluid Distribution on Seismic Dispersion and Attenuation in Partially Saturated Limestone

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Abstract

Quantitatively assessing attenuation and dispersion of elastic-wave velocities in partially saturated reservoir is difficult because of its sensitivity to fluid distribution. We conducted experiments on homogeneous Indiana limestone samples, partially saturated by two methods: drying and imbibition which lead to different fluid distribution for a given saturation. Forced oscillations (from 0.004 to 100 Hz) and ultrasonic (1 MHz) measurements were done under confining pressure to measure the change of elastic moduli with frequency and their attenuation. Our measurements show that compressional (P-)velocities are strongly sensitive to the sample’s saturation method. For high saturations (above 80%), obtained by drainage, compressional velocities are frequency dependent, and clear peaks of attenuation can be observed. However, at the same saturations obtained by imbibition, no dispersion or attenuation is observed. In addition, shear velocities show little variation with frequency, saturations, and fluid distribution. The dispersion and attenuation of P-velocities are shown to be influenced by the pore fluid distribution, which was investigated using micro-computer-assisted tomographic (CT) scans. Furthermore, a numerical model developed within the framework of poroelasticity’s theory predicts well the experimental results, using the fluid distribution obtained from CT as an input. Our results show that the velocity dispersion was related to wave-induced fluid flow at mesoscopic scale controlled by the geometry and distribution of the gas patches.
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hal-03766664 , version 1 (01-09-2022)

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Chao Sun, Jérôme Fortin, Jan V M Borgomano, Shangxu Wang, Genyang Tang, et al.. Influence of Fluid Distribution on Seismic Dispersion and Attenuation in Partially Saturated Limestone. Journal of Geophysical Research : Solid Earth, 2022, 127 (5), pp.e2021JB023867. ⟨10.1029/2021jb023867⟩. ⟨hal-03766664⟩
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