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La prison en débats sous la IIIe République. Une philosophie pénale au cœur de la République

Abstract : During the Third Republic, the prison was the subject of numerous discussions between philanthropists and politicians, as the elites saw prison reform as a means of resolving the social question. The reform project was constitutive, major, predominant, for this young Republic in search of legitimacy, which demonstrated an inventive capacity in the creation of politics. It is the reform that initiates a number of projects in this period and it is not so much the prison itself that is discussed as what can prevent its access or return. We will focus specifically on the law of 27 May 1885 on recidivists and the law of 14 August 1885 on the means of preventing recidivism, and we will show in what way they reveal a republican society under construction, and in what way they make it possible to understand the dynamics of change and regulation at work in the republican state. These laws, as well as the national debate that presided over their adoption, are at the very heart of the edifice that will lead to the constitution of a modern welfare state in which the penal law, the very basis of the republican political bond, appears as the only alternative to the shortcomings of a chipped social pact. The penal law thus becomes a privileged instrument in the construction of the State, and settles at the foundation of the democratic identity.
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https://hal-cnrs.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03763733
Contributor : Martine Kaluszynski Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Wednesday, August 31, 2022 - 3:51:38 PM
Last modification on : Friday, September 9, 2022 - 2:40:06 PM

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Martine Kaluszynski. La prison en débats sous la IIIe République. Une philosophie pénale au cœur de la République. Parlement[s], Revue d'histoire politique, Hors série, Presses universitaires de Rennes (2016-..), 2022, La nuit pénitentiaire. De l’invention d’un modèle à l’impossible décroissance de la population carcérale, pp.39-55. ⟨10.3917/parl2.035.0187⟩. ⟨hal-03763733⟩

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