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Journal Articles Journal of The Electrochemical Society Year : 2022

Operando µ-Raman Measurement of the Water Distribution Along and Across the Membrane in the PEMFC

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Abstract

To obtain a fundamental understanding of the transport regimes governing the electrochemical behavior and ageing of the polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell, the measurement of the membrane in- and through-plane water distribution is essential. In this paper, operando -Raman spectroscopy is used to probe the water content of the Nafion® membrane in a model fuel cell working at constant stoichiometry and relative humidity. Water concentration profiles crossing the membrane thickness are obtained with m resolution at different locations of the active surface: at the middle and close to the inlets/outlets of the reactant gases, at the feed gas channel and under-lands areas. The influence of the operating temperature and of the current density delivered by the cell are investigated. Of particular interest for perspective fuel cells, the membrane inner water partition appears highly heterogeneous when operating at ambient conditions, and dependent on the delivered current. The increase of temperature decreases the membrane water content at all the probed positions and induces a less uneven water distribution. The membrane hydration appears to be a key parameter for understanding the water redistribution between cathode and anode with the change of the cell operating conditions.
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Dates and versions

hal-03741451 , version 1 (14-09-2022)

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Thi Tran, Patrice Huguet, Arnaud Morin, Mike Robitzer, Stefano Deabate. Operando µ-Raman Measurement of the Water Distribution Along and Across the Membrane in the PEMFC. Journal of The Electrochemical Society, 2022, 169 (7), pp.10.1149/1945-7111/ac801e. ⟨10.1149/1945-7111/ac801e⟩. ⟨hal-03741451⟩
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