An asperity-based statistical model for the adhesive friction of elastic nominally flat rough contact interfaces - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Journal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids Year : 2022

An asperity-based statistical model for the adhesive friction of elastic nominally flat rough contact interfaces

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Yang Xu
  • Function : Author
  • PersonId : 1151879
Nikolaj Gadegaard
  • Function : Author
Daniel M. Mulvihill
  • Function : Author

Abstract

Contact mechanics-based models for the friction of nominally flat rough surfaces have not been able to adequately capture certain key experimentally observed phenomenona, such as the transition from a static friction peak to a lower level of sliding friction and the shear-induced contact area reduction that has been observed in the pre-sliding regime especially for soft materials. Here, we propose a statistical model based on physically-rooted contact mechanics laws describing the micromechanics of individual junctions. The model considers the quasi-static tangential loading, up to full sliding, of the contact between a smooth rigid flat surface and a nominally flat linear elastic rough surface comprising random independent spherical asperities, and accounts for the coupling between adhesion and friction at the micro-junction level. The model qualitatively reproduces both the macroscopic shear-induced contact area reduction and, remarkably, the static friction peak without the need to explicitly introduce two different friction levels. It also demonstrates how the static friction peak and contact area evolution depend on the normal load and certain key microscale interface properties such as surface energy, mode mixity and frictional shear strength. ‘‘Tougher’’ interfaces (i.e. with larger surface energy and smaller mode mixity parameter) are shown to result in a larger real contact area and a more pronounced static friction peak. Overall, this work provides important insights about how key microscale properties operating at the asperity level can combine with the surface statistics to reproduce important macroscopic responses observed in rough frictional soft contact experiments.
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Dates and versions

hal-03737623 , version 1 (25-07-2022)

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Yang Xu, Julien Scheibert, Nikolaj Gadegaard, Daniel M. Mulvihill. An asperity-based statistical model for the adhesive friction of elastic nominally flat rough contact interfaces. Journal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids, 2022, 164, pp.104878. ⟨10.1016/j.jmps.2022.104878⟩. ⟨hal-03737623⟩
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