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High B-value diffusion tensor imaging for early detection of hippocampal microstructural alteration in a mouse model of multiple sclerosis

Abstract : Abstract Several studies have highlighted the value of diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) with strong diffusion weighting to reveal white matter microstructural lesions, but data in gray matter (GM) remains scarce. Herein, the effects of b-values combined with different numbers of diffusion-encoding directions (NDIRs) on DTI metrics to capture the normal hippocampal microstructure and its early alterations were investigated in a mouse model of multiple sclerosis (experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis [EAE]). Two initial DTI datasets (B2700-43Dir acquired with b = 2700 s.mm −2 and NDIR = 43; B1000-22Dir acquired with b = 1000 s.mm −2 and NDIR = 22) were collected from 18 normal and 18 EAE mice at 4.7 T. Three additional datasets (B2700-22Dir, B2700-12Dir and B1000-12Dir) were extracted from the initial datasets. In healthy mice, we found a significant influence of b-values and NDIR on all DTI metrics. Confronting unsupervised hippocampal layers classification to the true anatomical classification highlighted the remarkable discrimination of the molecular layer with B2700-43Dir compared with the other datasets. Only DTI from the B2700 datasets captured the dendritic loss occurring in the molecular layer of EAE mice. Our findings stress the needs for both high b-values and sufficient NDIR to achieve a GM DTI with more biologically meaningful correlations, though DTI-metrics should be interpreted with caution in these settings.
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https://hal-cnrs.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03727930
Contributor : Bassem HIBA Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Tuesday, July 19, 2022 - 5:50:15 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, July 20, 2022 - 3:40:55 AM

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Amandine Crombé, Renaud Nicolas, Nathalie Richard, Thomas Tourdias, Bassem Hiba. High B-value diffusion tensor imaging for early detection of hippocampal microstructural alteration in a mouse model of multiple sclerosis. Scientific Reports, Nature Publishing Group, 2022, 12 (1), pp.12008. ⟨10.1038/s41598-022-15511-0⟩. ⟨hal-03727930⟩

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