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Top1p targeting by Fob1p at the ribosomal Replication Fork Barrier does not account for camptothecin sensitivity in Saccharomyces cerevisiae cells

Abstract : Camptothecin (CPT) is a specific inhibitor of the DNA topoisomerase I (Top1p), currently used in cancer therapy, which induces DNA damage and cell death. Top1p is highly active at the repeated ribosomal DNA locus (rDNA) to relax DNA supercoiling caused by elevated transcription and replication occurring in opposite directions. Fob1p interacts with, and stabilizes, Top1p at the rDNA Replication Fork Barrier (rRFB), where replication and transcription converge. Here, we have investigated if the absence of Fob1p and the consequent loss of Top1p specific targeting to the rRFB impact the sensitivity and the cell cycle progression of wild-type cells to CPT. We have also investigated the consequences of the absence of Fob1p in rad52∆ mutants, which are affected in the repair of CPT-induced DNA damage by homologous recombination. The results show that CPT sensitivity and the global cell cycle progression in cells exposed to CPT is not changed in the absence of Fob1p. Moreover, we have observed in fob1∆ cells treated with CPT that the homologous recombination factor Rad52p still congregates in the shape of foci in the nucleolus, which hosts the rDNA. This suggests that, in the absence of Fob1p, Top1p is still recruited to the rDNA, presumably at sequences other than the rRFB, and its inhibition by CPT leads to recombination events.
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https://hal-cnrs.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03722318
Contributor : Benjamin PARDO Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Wednesday, July 13, 2022 - 12:31:07 PM
Last modification on : Friday, August 5, 2022 - 2:44:08 PM

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Pardis Pourali, Philippe Pasero, Benjamin Pardo. Top1p targeting by Fob1p at the ribosomal Replication Fork Barrier does not account for camptothecin sensitivity in Saccharomyces cerevisiae cells. microPublication Biology, Caltech Library, 2022, ⟨10.17912/micropub.biology.000514⟩. ⟨hal-03722318⟩

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