Whole-exome sequencing improves the diagnosis and care of men with non-obstructive azoospermia - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles American Journal of Human Genetics Year : 2022

Whole-exome sequencing improves the diagnosis and care of men with non-obstructive azoospermia

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Abstract

Non-obstructive azoospermia (NOA) is a severe and frequent cause of male infertility, often treated by testicular sperm extraction followed by intracytoplasmic sperm injection. The aim of this study is to improve the genetic diagnosis of NOA, by identifying new genes involved in human NOA and to better assess the chances of successful sperm extraction according to the individual’s genotype. Exome sequencing was performed on 96 NOA-affected individuals negative for routine genetic tests. Bioinformatics analysis was limited to a panel of 151 genes selected as known causal or candidate genes for NOA. Only highly deleterious homozygous or hemizygous variants were retained as candidates. A likely causal defect was identified in 16 genes in a total of 22 individuals (23%). Six genes had not been described in man (DDX25, HENMT1, MCMDC2, MSH5, REC8, TDRKH) and 10 were previously reported (C14orf39, DMC1, FANCM, GCNA, HFM1, MCM8, MEIOB, PDHA2, TDRD9, TERB1). Seven individuals had defects in genes from piwi or DNA repair pathways, three in genes involved in post-meiotic maturation, and 12 in meiotic processes. Interestingly, all individuals with defects in meiotic genes had an unsuccessful sperm retrieval, indicating that genetic diagnosis prior to TESE could help identify individuals with low or null chances of successful sperm retrieval and thus avoid unsuccessful surgeries
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Dates and versions

hal-03718022 , version 1 (30-08-2022)

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Zine-Eddine Kherraf, Caroline Cazin, Amine Bouker, Selima Fourati Ben Mustapha, Sylviane Hennebicq, et al.. Whole-exome sequencing improves the diagnosis and care of men with non-obstructive azoospermia. American Journal of Human Genetics, 2022, 109 (3), pp.508-517. ⟨10.1016/j.ajhg.2022.01.011⟩. ⟨hal-03718022⟩
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