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Controlling the Cathodic Potential of KVPO4F through Oxygen Substitution

Abstract : Exploring and tailoring new high energy density positive electrode materials is still a challenge for alkali-ion batteries. In this work, we synthesized the mixed anion phases KVPO4F1-yOy (y = 0, 0.25, 0.5, 0.75, 1) and determined their crystallographic and electronic structures by combining synchrotron X-ray diffraction, X-ray absorption spectroscopy at the vanadium K edge, and 31P MAS NMR coupled with density functional theory calculations. These experiments confirmed that the substitution of F- for O2- anions occurs as a solid solution across the whole composition domain. The local environments of vanadium ions are complex and diverse since the cis and trans octahedra undergo different distortions in the presence of a vanadyl bond. The simultaneous existence of ionic VIII-F bonds and covalent (VIV=O)2+ vanadyl type entities is strongly affecting the electrochemical properties and potassium deinsertion/insertion mechanisms upon cycling. Ultimately, KVPO4F0.5O0.5 appears as a promising positive electrode material due to its high capacity (105 mAh·g-1), working potential (4.2 V vs K+/K), and sloping electrochemical curve.
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https://hal-cnrs.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03690171
Contributor : Lorenzo Stievano Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Thursday, June 9, 2022 - 10:27:25 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, June 14, 2022 - 12:02:01 PM

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Romain Wernert, Long Nguyen, Emmanuel Petit, Paula Sanz Camacho, Antonella Iadecola, et al.. Controlling the Cathodic Potential of KVPO4F through Oxygen Substitution. Chemistry of Materials, American Chemical Society, 2022, 34 (10), pp.4523-4535. ⟨10.1021/acs.chemmater.2c00295⟩. ⟨hal-03690171⟩

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