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Continuity within the somatosensory cortical map facilitates learning

Abstract : The topographic organization is a prominent feature of sensory cortices, but its functional role remains controversial. Particularly, it is not well determined how integration of activity within a cortical area depends on its topography during sensory-guided behavior. Here, we train mice expressing channelrhodopsin in excitatory neurons to track a photostimulation bar that rotated smoothly over the topographic whisker representation of the primary somatosensory cortex. Mice learn to discriminate angular positions of the light bar to obtain a reward. They fail not only when the spatiotemporal continuity of the photostimulation is disrupted in this area but also when cortical areas displaying map discontinuities, such as the trunk and legs, or areas without topographic map, such as the posterior parietal cortex, are photostimulated. In contrast, when cortical topographic continuity enables to predict future sensory activation, mice demonstrate anticipation of reward availability. These findings could be helpful for optimizing feedback while designing cortical neuroprostheses.
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https://hal-cnrs.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03633778
Contributor : Alain Perignon Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Thursday, April 7, 2022 - 11:26:13 AM
Last modification on : Friday, April 8, 2022 - 3:37:46 AM

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Henri Lassagne, Dorian Goueytes, Daniel Shulz, Luc Estebanez, Valérie Ego-Stengel. Continuity within the somatosensory cortical map facilitates learning. Cell Reports, Elsevier Inc, 2022, 39 (1), pp.110617. ⟨10.1016/j.celrep.2022.110617⟩. ⟨hal-03633778⟩

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