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Journal Articles New Journal of Physics Year : 2022

The low temperature limit of the excitonic Mott density in GaN: an experimental reassessment

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Abstract

The research on GaN lasers aims for a continuous reduction of the lasing threshold. An approach to achieve it consists in exploiting stimulated polariton scattering. This mechanism, and the associated polariton lasers, requires an in-depth knowledge of the GaN excitonic properties, as polaritons result from the coupling of excitons with photons. Under high excitation intensities, exciton states no longer exist due to the Coulomb screening by free carriers; this phenomenon occurs at the so-called Mott density. The aim of this work is to study the bleaching of excitons under a quasi-continuous optical excitation in a bulk GaN sample of high quality through power dependent micro-photoluminescence and time-resolved experiments at 5 K. Time-resolved photoluminescence allows to measure the carrier lifetime as a function of excitation intensity, which is required for a reliable evaluation of the injected carrier density. The vanishing of excitonic lines together with the red-shift of the main emission evidences the occurrence of the Mott transition for a carrier concentration of (6 ± 3) × 10 16 cm −3. This value is more than an order of magnitude smaller than previous determinations published in the literature and is in accordance with many-body calculations.
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Dates and versions

hal-03617195 , version 1 (23-03-2022)

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Léo Mallet-Dida, Pierre Disseix, François Réveret, François Médard, Blandine Alloing, et al.. The low temperature limit of the excitonic Mott density in GaN: an experimental reassessment. New Journal of Physics, 2022, 24, pp.033031. ⟨10.1088/1367-2630/ac58b9⟩. ⟨hal-03617195⟩
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