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Journal Articles Audiology Research Year : 2022

Analysis of the Acoustic Transcranial Bone Conduction

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Abstract

Objectives: (1) To analyze the preferential pathways of sound transmission and sound waves travelling properties in the skull and (2) to identify the location(s) on the skull where bone conduction to the cochlea is optimal. Study design: Basic research Methods: Nine cadaveric heads were placed in an anechoic chamber and equipped with six Bone Anchored Hearing Aids (BAHA™) implants (Cochlear™, Sydney, NSW, Australia) and fifteen accelerometers. A laser velocimeter was used to measure cochlear response by placing a reflector on the round window. Different frequency sweeps were applied to each implant, and measurements were recorded simultaneously by the laser velocimeter and accelerometers. Results: Low-frequency sound waves mostly travel the frontal transmission pathways, and there is no clear predominant pattern for the high frequencies. The mean inter-aural time lag is 0.1 ms. Optimal sound transmission to the cochlea occurs between 1000 and 2500 Hz with a contralateral 5 to 10 dB attenuation. The implant location does not influence mean transmission to the cochlea. Conclusion: There is a pattern of transmission for low frequencies through a frontal pathway but none for high frequencies. We were also able to demonstrate that the localization of the BAHA™ implant on the skull had no significant impact on the sound transmission, either ipsi or contralaterally.

Dates and versions

hal-03616848 , version 1 (23-03-2022)

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Catherine Dufour-Fournier, Arnaud Deveze, Jonathan Barbut, Erick Ogam, Issam Saliba, et al.. Analysis of the Acoustic Transcranial Bone Conduction. Audiology Research, 2022, Audiology Research, 12 (2), pp.162-170. ⟨10.3390/audiolres12020019⟩. ⟨hal-03616848⟩
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