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Ground-Penetrating Radar Imaging of Near-Surface Deformation along the Songino Active Fault in the Vicinity of Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia

Abstract : The seismic activity observed in the vicinity of Ulaanbaatar (UB) capital city has been increased since 2005. Several active faults have been identified in the UB area. Most of the Mongolian population is concentrated around UB (1.5 million), which is the main political and economic center of the country. Hence, the study of seismic hazard is of first importance for the country. In this paper, we present the GPR results obtained on the Songino fault which is situated at 20 km west-southwest of UB at the northeast tip of Khustai fault. The combination of the morphotectonic, GPR and paleoseismological investigations brings essential information for seismic hazards assessments. The 2D GPR profiles are measured by using 250 and 500 MHz antennae and the topography using a differential GPS. An appropriate processing of the GPR data, including the topographic migration, allows us to bring out indirect characteristics of these faults. The objective is to identify near-surface geometry and coseismic deformation along the mapped fault. The 250 MHz GPR images of the Songino fault show the evolution of the sub-surface deformation mode induced by the arched geometry of the Songino fault. We observe a clear compressive structure at its NW section, strike slip at its central section and extensive structure in its SE part.
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https://hal-cnrs.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03517624
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Submitted on : Saturday, January 8, 2022 - 8:19:59 AM
Last modification on : Saturday, January 8, 2022 - 8:20:01 AM

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Distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

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Maksim Bano, Nyambayar Tsend-Ayush, Antoine Schlupp, Ulziibat Munkhuu. Ground-Penetrating Radar Imaging of Near-Surface Deformation along the Songino Active Fault in the Vicinity of Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia. Applied Sciences, MDPI, 2021, 11 (17), pp.8242. ⟨10.3390/app11178242⟩. ⟨hal-03517624⟩

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