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Le tabagisme des adolescents suite à l’interdiction de vente aux mineurs de moins de 16 ans en France

Abstract : Background – Despite a decrease of tobacco use among adolescents over the last decade, few investigations have tempted to assess new patterns of tobacco consumption, like the hookah (schischa), or the impact of recent tobacco policies like the prohibition of tobacco sale to minors under 16 years old. Methods – The ESPAD survey (European School Survey Project on Alcohol and Other Drugs) is a self-administered school survey carried out every four years among 15-16 years old adolescents from the public, private and agricultural schools. The fourth data collection was carried out during spring 2007 in France and in 35 other European countries. Results – The decrease of tobacco use is confirmed by the 2007 data. Globally, the decline is important for daily smoking: in 1999, 33% of the girls and 30% of the boys versus 16 and 18% respectively in 2007. However the rate of heavy smokers (more than 10 cigarettes per day) remains stable over the same period, highlighting the difficulty for the most dependent smokers to change behaviors. Conversely, the rate of occasional smokers (less than one cigarette a day) increases significantly. In addition, one pupil in three already smokes a hookah, but the experimentation rate stands at 4% among pupils who never smoked cigarettes, while a little less than a third experienced cigarettes only. Among daily smokers aged 15 years, 86% (i.e. 19% of the age group) bought box of cigarettes during the past thirty days in spite of underage sales restriction.
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https://hal-cnrs.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03480163
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Submitted on : Tuesday, December 14, 2021 - 3:18:29 PM
Last modification on : Friday, October 28, 2022 - 2:18:28 PM

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  • HAL Id : hal-03480163, version 1

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S Spilka, O Le Nézet, François Beck, M Choquet, S Legleye. Le tabagisme des adolescents suite à l’interdiction de vente aux mineurs de moins de 16 ans en France. Bulletin Epidémiologique Hebdomadaire - BEH, 2008, Journée mondiale sans tabac 2008, 21-22, pp.187-190. ⟨hal-03480163⟩

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