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Policing the social body: Medicine and the administration of legal gender recognition in France and Italy, an historical perspective

Abstract : This paper explores the role of medicine in the regulation of legal gender recognition for trans and gender diverse people in France and Italy. I focus on the processes that led the two countries to establish for the first time a procedure for legal gender change in the 1980s/1990s. Despite the differences, both in France and in Italy medical knowledge and technologies were embedded in the procedures for legal gender change and health professionals took a role as gatekeepers to gender recognition. The medicalization of legal gender recognition, I argue, was part of the deploying of a bio-political apparatus that Aim :ed at regulating and controlling “gender transitions” through regulation and normalization rather then through repression.
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https://hal-cnrs.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03480084
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Submitted on : Tuesday, December 14, 2021 - 3:16:52 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, September 1, 2022 - 11:14:14 AM

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Olivia Fiorilli. Policing the social body: Medicine and the administration of legal gender recognition in France and Italy, an historical perspective. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences, 2019, 78, pp.101182. ⟨10.1016/j.shpsc.2019.101182⟩. ⟨hal-03480084⟩

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