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Les accidents en France : évolution et facteurs associés

Abstract : Background Whatever the type of injury considered, prevention requires an improvement in health services’ awareness of risk factors. The Health Barometer is a general population survey conducted in France since 1992 to contribute to surveillance in this field. The survey's statistical power and the numerous health topics included in the questionnaire provide accurate information for healthcare professionals and decision-makers. Methods The Health Barometer 2010 was a nationwide telephone survey of 9110 persons representative of the 15–85-year-old population. One part of the questionnaire detailed injuries which had occurred during the past year. The numerous variables recorded enabled application of logistic regression models to explore risk factors related to different types of injury by age group. The findings were compared with the Health Barometer 2005 data to search for temporal trends of injury prevalence. Results The data analysis showed that 10.3 % of the 15–85-year-olds reported an injury during the past year. This rate was higher than recorded in 2005; the increase was mainly due to domestic accidents and injuries occurring during recreational activities. Both type of injury and risk factors exhibited age-related variability. Domestic accidents and injuries occurring during recreational activities predominated in the older population and were associated with physical or mental health problems (chronic disease, diability, sleep disorders). For younger people, injuries were related to cannabis use, drunkedness, and insufficient sleep. Risk factors were also depended on type of injury: occupational accident-related injuries were linked with social disadvantage (manual worker population) whereas sports injuries were more common in the socially advantaged population. Conclusion This survey confirms established knowledge and highlights, at different stages of life, new risk factors that contribute to injuries in France. These findings should be helpful for the development of adapted injury prevention programs, by providing a better understanding of the characteristic features of this major public health issue.
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https://hal-cnrs.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03480046
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Submitted on : Tuesday, December 14, 2021 - 3:16:11 PM
Last modification on : Saturday, September 3, 2022 - 3:53:50 AM

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J-B Richard, B Thélot, François Beck. Les accidents en France : évolution et facteurs associés. Epidemiology and Public Health = Revue d'Epidémiologie et de Santé Publique, 2013, 61 (3), pp.205-212. ⟨10.1016/j.respe.2012.10.007⟩. ⟨hal-03480046⟩

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