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Entre tutelle et assistance : le débat sur la réforme de la loi de 1838 sur les aliénés des années 1870 aux années 1910

Abstract : This article sheds new light on the debate over the legislative reform of the assistance to insane people between 1870 and 1914 in France. It demonstrates that this debate was shaped around two issues brought in by two different configurations of actors. Until the end of the 1880s, Members of the Parliament, jurists, alienists, and administrative officers focused on the civil status of insane people, as well as the tutelage that should be provided. After 1890, the issue of insane people’s access to institutions that might alleviate their vulnerabilities started to emerge. This issue of access related to a broader preoccupation with public assistance. In the world of mental health, it was promoted by psychiatrists-reformers from a newly created group of Parisian alienists, who proposed to create “open” hospital wards, which avoided the constraining confinement of asylums. Finally, the article renews understanding of the failure of the Parliament to conclude the debate before World War I. In addition to the complexity of issues at stake, and the diversity of interests involved in psychiatrists-reformers’ indecisiveness about which problematization to privilege created a deadlock.
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https://hal-cnrs.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03480038
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Submitted on : Tuesday, December 14, 2021 - 3:16:00 PM
Last modification on : Friday, January 7, 2022 - 3:45:44 AM

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Nicolas Henckes. Entre tutelle et assistance : le débat sur la réforme de la loi de 1838 sur les aliénés des années 1870 aux années 1910. Sciences Sociales et Santé, 2017, 35 (2), pp.81-108. ⟨10.3917/sss.352.0081⟩. ⟨hal-03480038⟩

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