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L’exposition aux ultra-violets artificiels en France

Abstract : Exposure to artificial UV radiation has increased in Europe in recent years. However, in France, little information is available to determine the exposure of the population. This article presents the results from the ‘Baromètre cancer 2010’ concerning the proportion of users of artificial UV in France, the frequency of use, their characteristics, and the level of information and knowledge on the risks associated with these types of exposure. A two stage random sampling survey (household, individual) was performed from 3 April 2010 to 7 August 2010 on a sample of 3,359 people aged from 15 to 75 years old. In 2010, 13.4% of the French population reported having used artificial UV radiation at least once in their lifetime, and 3.5% of the total population reported the use of artificial UV radiation over the last twelve months. This pattern of exposure is most commonly seen among females (5.0%) and young population between 20-25 years old (9.9%). In addition, 3.5% of those younger than 18 years report having attended UV booths at least once during their lifetime even though they are forbidden to minors. Moreover, more than one third of users reported more than 10 exposures within a year. The places of exposure most often cited were beauty salons (50%) and tanning centres (46%). Only 49.2% of those surveyed felt that they were well informed on the risks of cancer associated with UV booths. Furthermore, the population was found to have misconceptions about artificial UV radiation. One quarter of the population surveyed believe that artificial UV radiation use before vacation protects the skin from sunburn. Thus, an awareness of the population appears necessary to fight against these false beliefs about the risks associated with this practice. This first survey on UV artificial exposure performed in France has better quantified and characterised the users. It has also defined the state of knowledge and the perception of risk by the general French population concerning the exposure to artificial UV radiation. This work will contribute to determine actions of prevention to reduce cancer risk induced by sun booths exposure
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https://hal-cnrs.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03479957
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Submitted on : Thursday, January 13, 2022 - 4:47:43 PM
Last modification on : Friday, October 28, 2022 - 2:18:28 PM

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  • HAL Id : hal-03479957, version 1

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C Léon, T Benmarnhia, I Tordjman, J Gaillot, François Beck. L’exposition aux ultra-violets artificiels en France. Bulletin Epidémiologique Hebdomadaire - BEH, 2012, 18-19, pp.205-210. ⟨hal-03479957⟩

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