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Hygiène intérieure et salubrité extérieure : un point aveugle de l’action publique ?. Chronique de deux domaines séparés en France (1810-1917)

Abstract : This article examines the consequences of a decision taken by France in 1810. Contrary to numerous other European powers, this country dealt with issues of health outside establishments (the negative environmental impact and pollution caused by industries) by creating special legislation for unhealthy, troublesome or dangerous industries – legislation that neglected to consider questions of health and safety on the inside (the health and safety of working conditions within establishments). Admittedly, the reform of 1917 confirmed this choice, but by taking into account advances in health and safety regulations since 1893 for common law establishments subject to the Labour Code. The result is a dichotomy between special regulations concerning industrial risks outside identified industries (coming under administrative law and responsibility) and regulations based on common law covering the occupational health and safety of employees within these industries, based on the Labour Code (industrial law). This has had major consequences up to the present day (in terms of accidents and working conditions) on how these identified industries are inspected, monitored and controlled, which prevents considering occupational hazards and industrial risks together and clarifying interactions that exist between them.
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https://hal-cnrs.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03479198
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Submitted on : Friday, January 28, 2022 - 9:54:24 AM
Last modification on : Friday, March 11, 2022 - 8:34:03 AM
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Vincent Viet. Hygiène intérieure et salubrité extérieure : un point aveugle de l’action publique ?. Chronique de deux domaines séparés en France (1810-1917). Travail et Emploi, DARES, 2016, 148 (4), pp.81-101. ⟨10.4000/travailemploi.7299⟩. ⟨hal-03479198⟩

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