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Repenser la place des victimes au procès pénal : le répertoire normatif des juristes en France et aux Etats-Unis

Abstract : The extension of victims’ prerogatives in criminal proceedings has given rise to many years of heated debate, both in France and the United States. Through an examination of the doctrinal work undertaken by lawyers in both countries since the 1980s, this article highlights the “normative repertoire” with which they consider the role of victims in a trial. This repertoire is structured around a series of expectations for both the conduct of criminal proceedings (objectivity of judgment, fair trial, and reasonable amount of suffering) and its purposes. The article shows how the debate around victims helps reshape those expectations and how the lines of division and rapprochement between lawyers are drawn. It outlines new perspectives concerning how this doctrinal work connects with penal policies which have traditionally been characterised by the opposition between repressive and liberal stances.
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https://hal-cnrs.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03479151
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Submitted on : Tuesday, December 14, 2021 - 11:14:28 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, December 22, 2021 - 2:42:59 PM

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Janine Barbot, Nicolas Dodier. Repenser la place des victimes au procès pénal : le répertoire normatif des juristes en France et aux Etats-Unis. Revue Francaise de Science Politique, Fondation Nationale des Sciences Politiques, 2014, 64 (3), pp.407-433. ⟨10.3917/rfsp.643.0407⟩. ⟨hal-03479151⟩

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