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Dommages et bénéfices associés aux substances addictives. Analyse quantitative de leur perception en population générale. Spécificités parisiennes et franciliennes

Abstract : Objectives: this study was designed to quantify the perception of the harmful effects and benefits associated with six common addictive substances or behaviours (alcohol, tobacco, cannabis, cocaine, heroin and gambling) in the general population of Paris and the Ile-de-France region, to compare these perceptions with those of the French population as a whole and those of addiction specialists, and to evaluate the effect of substance use on these perceptions.  Methodology: an on-line self-administered questionnaire was submitted to 1,643 individuals, including 1,016 individuals representative of the national population, 600 individuals representative of Ile-de-France and 308 individuals representative of Paris (some individuals belonged to all three samples). In addition to usual consumptions, this questionnaire, previously completed by addiction specialists, comprised quantitative evaluation of 12 criteria concerning the harmful effects and benefits for the user and for society.  Results and discussion: perceptions of harmful effects were very similar between Ile-de-France, Parisian and national populations for all substances and were higher that those reported by addiction specialists for all substances except for alcohol. Alcohol, the substance considered to be the most harmful by addiction specialists, was classified behind heroin and cocaine and in equal position with cannabis by all three populations. In contrast, the benefits of addictive substances were considered to be lower by populations of Paris and the Ile-de-France region than by addiction specialists. Evaluation of harmful effects and benefits by users were similar to those of addiction specialists for all substances. Substance use was the variable with the greatest impact on perceptions and accounts for several specificities of the perception of Paris and Ile-de-France populations.
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https://hal-cnrs.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03478621
Contributor : Colette Orange Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Thursday, January 13, 2022 - 4:38:45 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, January 13, 2022 - 4:38:45 PM

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  • HAL Id : hal-03478621, version 1

Citation

A Luquiens, M Reynaud, H-J Aubin, C Talon, Catherine Bourgain. Dommages et bénéfices associés aux substances addictives. Analyse quantitative de leur perception en population générale. Spécificités parisiennes et franciliennes. Alcoologie et addictologie, Issy-les-Moulineaux : Princeps éd., 2013, 35 (3), pp.233-245. ⟨hal-03478621⟩

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