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Evaluation dommages/bénéfices de neuf produits ou comportements addictifs

Abstract : To our knowledge, the study presented in this article is the first comprehensive comparative study examining several addictive substances or behaviours, evaluated from the standpoint of both harm and benefit, and considered from an individual and societal perspective. The authors studied 8 commonly used addictive substances: alcohol, tobacco, cannabis, heroin, amphetamines, ecstasy and the other synthetic drugs (all except ecstasy and amphetamines), and one common addictive behaviour, gambling, designated as an “addictive substance”. Six criteria were established to cover the whole spectrum of potential harm caused by the consumption of these substances. Three of them concern potential harm suffered by the user (acute and chronic health risks, addiction); the other 3 concern harm to society: health and social costs, legal costs, social consequences of behavioural problems. In parallel, 6 criteria were established to cover the spectrum of potential benefits associated with substance consumption: 3 concerning individual benefits (pleasure, sense of identity, self-therapy) and 3 concerning societal benefits (economic, social and cultural).
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https://hal-cnrs.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03478614
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Submitted on : Tuesday, December 14, 2021 - 8:40:26 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, January 19, 2022 - 3:36:10 AM

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  • HAL Id : hal-03478614, version 1

Citation

Catherine Bourgain, B Falissard, A Luquiens, A Benyamina, L Karila, et al.. Evaluation dommages/bénéfices de neuf produits ou comportements addictifs. Le Courrier des addictions, Edimark, 2012, 14 (2), pp.10-14. ⟨hal-03478614⟩

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